James T. Rapier Politician
James Thomas Rapier (November 13, 1837 – May 31, 1883) was an attorney, a planter and a politician; elected as a United States Representative from Alabama, he served from 1873 until 1875. Born free, he was educated in Canada and Scotland before being admitted to the bar. After the American Civil War, he became a national figure in the Republican Party. He was one of three blacks elected as congressmen from Alabama during Reconstructionm together with Jeremiah Haralson and . He was one of seven blacks serving in the 43rd Congress. They each testified in 1874 for passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1875, which guaranteed access to accommodations.